1 in 3 people have Prediabetes, but most don't even know it.

ACT Now! to see if you could be at risk

Most People with Prediabetes Have No Symptoms

Understanding your risk for Diabetes is the first step in preventing it. Type 2 Diabetes is more and more common, but it is not destiny--even for people with Prediabetes, and even for people with a family history of Diabetes. 


The more you know about your risk (or diagnosis) for Prediabetes, the more you can do now to prevent progressively serious complications of Type 2 Diabetes down the road.

Complications of uncontrolled Type 2 include:

  • Heart and blood vessel disease
  • Stroke
  • Loss of vision or blindness
  • High blood pressure
  • Kidney damage or failure
  • Nerve damage with pain
  • Foot problems
  • Non-healing wounds (leading to amputation)

Risk factors for Diabetes include:

  • Older age
  • Family history
  • Excess weight, particularly around the waist
  • High blood pressure
  • High cholesterol
  • Poor diet
  • Physical inactivity
  • Certain racial and ethnic backgrounds
  • History of Gestational Diabetes
  • History of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

In Ethnic Groups

Certain racial or ethnic groups have higher rates of Prediabetes and Type 2 Diabetes. The risk is higher even after adjusting for other factors. In the United States, Type 2 Diabetes is more prevalent for these ethnic groups:

  • Native Americans
  • African Americans
  • Latinos
  • Asian Americans

In Children

Type 2 Diabetes is rare for children of all racial and ethnic backgrounds. Still, it has higher rates in the same racial and ethnic groups mentioned above. Across all groups though, Type 2 Diabetes is increasing, usually emerging around the age of puberty. The number of children diagnosed with Type 2 Diabetes is growing along with the growing numbers of overweight youth. Still, it is much less common in children and young adults than it is in older people.


Know Your Risk

  • Take this quick risk assessment
  • Know your numbers and what they mean to improve your health and reduce your risk of developing Diabetes (your doctor's office or community health screenings can give you this information):
    • Weight
    • BMI (Body Mass Index) This is based on a person's weight and height
    • HbA1c (Hemoglobin A1c) This shows a person's average blood glucose level over the past 2-3 months
    • Blood Pressure
    • Cholesterol
  • Talk to your doctor and your family and friends about your risk and concerns
  • Learn more (FAQ about Prediabetes and Diabetes)